Bismillah Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem. Alhumdulillah. Peace and blessings on Muhammad (sallalahu alaihi wa alihi wa sallam), his Noble Companions and Family. Dear Committed brothers, dear committed sisters,
Next week the Muslims will ascend Mount Arafat. That is the only station in the Hajj in which all of the Muslims are required to assemble together. All of the other areas they can do at different times. All of the Muslims will be at this particular station of the Hajj on what is called the Day of Arafah. The performance or practice of the Hajj, as we have said many times before, has been distorted. What we would like to express from understanding Allah and the words or book that He has given us as explained and demonstrated by His Prophet is an ayah in Surah Al Hajj- this can be your reference if you want to return to it. Of course, there are other ayaat that follow it but because of the limitation of time we will concentrate our mental attention on this ayah. It’s not very difficult for you to keep up with. We’re not going through a very long lecture or a super detailed presentation that will challenge your ability to understand. No. This is a straight forward/clear ayah. Allah says
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ
Indeed or as a matter of fact those who are contrary to Allah or those who live a lifetime objecting to Allah and they deter, block, bar and blunt people from a course to Allah and Al Masjid Al Haram… (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
Al Masjid Al Haram is the Masjid that is in Makkah. The Holy sanctified Masjid where the Ka’bah is. For your information and knowledge the wording of this ayah for those of you who have a little sense of language here, kafaru is a past tense yasudduna is a present tense. The reason there was an interchange between the past and present tense means that Allah is telling us that Alladhina Kafaru will have a current description or on-going behaviour of them. What is it?
وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ
… they try to deter and bar access to Al Masjid Al Haram… (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
It’s not very difficult to understand. If you were paying attention to the speakers about Al Hajj, Makkah, Al Umrah, Al Masjid Al Haram and the Seerah of the Prophet why do they have this ayah omitted from out thinking capabilities? Well- we’ll see why. So Allah Most honest/truthful is saying
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ
Indeed or as a matter of fact those who are contrary to Allah or those who live a lifetime objecting to Allah and they deter, block and bar, blunt people from a course to Allah and Al Masjid Al Haram… (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
OK- Please, (brothers and sisters), try to grasp this sentence. Allah says
وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ الَّذِي جَعَلْنَاهُ لِلنَّاسِ سَوَاءً
… We have designated this Masjid Al Haram as equally accessible to all people… (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
The Qira’ah of Hafs that we all have has two fat’has on the word sawa’a; all other Qira’aat has two dhammas on it. Sawa’un, (i.e.) the beginning of another/new sentence. Allah is saying
… they are equal … (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
الْعَاكِفُ فِيهِ وَالْبَادِ
… Al aaqifu fi hi wa Al baad… (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
There’s another/a few other Qira’aat that have the word Al Baad with the yaa at the end- Al aaqifu fi hi wa Al baadiy. Ok- what are these words? What are we saying here? Allah is saying, as far as Allah’s rules and instructions,
وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ الَّذِي جَعَلْنَاهُ لِلنَّاسِ سَوَاءً الْعَاكِفُ فِيهِ وَالْبَادِ
… this Masjid Al Haram as equal for Al aaqifu fi hi i.e. those who live in Makkah, who always come to Makkah and make their daily walk to Al Masjid Al Haram and Al baad i.e. those who come from outside Makkah, from distant deserts away or at a remote distance away from Makkah… (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
If only these words could be understood by all the Muslims there would be a change in the way/manner Makkah is approached today.
وَمَن يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحَادٍ
… and whoever intends as a matter of deviation … (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
For those of you who are familiar with Qur’anic words, there are two words that have opposite meanings: haneef and mulhid. When we say hanifan Musliman we say we are not deviating. Hanif means you don’t deviate in your acquiescence/submission/compliance with Allah.
وَمَن يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحَادٍ بِظُلْمٍ نُّذِقْهُ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
… whoever has the intention of deviating resulting in injustice pertaining to Al Masjid Al Haram, We will have him experience, taste and endure a punishment of anguish and agony. (Surah Al Hajj verse 25)
This is Makkah/Al Bayt Al Haram open to Al aaqifu fi hi and Al baadi. OK- this is what Allah is saying, but do we have a Makkah that meets this description? A Makkah that is equally open, accommodating of and accessible to Al aaqifu and Al baadi? We ask you. Of course, those who are in control of Makkah and Al Madinah nowadays like to steer clear of Allah’s ayaat. They will listen to this ayah but they don’t want the minds to work on these meanings. They prefer the ahadith, the conduct of As Salaf Al Salih and what As Sahabah (radi Allahu anhu) said and all of this. OK- fine. If they can only listen.
We went back to these books to see how the first Muslims understood the status and the meaning and the position of Makkah. There is the issue, (as far as they are concerned, this is not us- we’re speaking about the individuals, the honourable people who lived with Allah’s Prophet and understood him very well. We think those who rule Makkah, Al Madinah and Hejaz would agree to this). OK- what is their attitude and perspective about Makkah? One issue that they had to explain to us from their understanding of Allah and His Prophet had to do with the homes in Makkah. This is called dur Makkah- the plural of daar. Daar means a house or a yard or a residence. OK- what was their conception about the dwellings of Makkah? Those who are ruling in Arabia: listen to what Umar ibn Al Khattab and ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhum) and others have to say! They said, (and we will quote for these people who are ruling Arabia today), a person arriving in Makkah for the purpose of the Hajj have the right to stay wherever they want within its dwellings. Further, the person who owns the dwelling or the house or the residence in Makkah has to accommodate this haaj. The homes or dwellings or residence of Makkah used to have a special name for them- of course, this is all buried now because of the traditions and ignorance of all of us- they used to be called As Sawaa’id. As Sawaa’id in today’s language would come close to what we refer to as public property. We can’t claim an exclusive or monopolised deed for the structures that are in Makkah. The words As Sawaa’id in reference to the dwellings in Makkah was used during the time of Allah’s Prophet, Abi Bakr and Umar (radi Allahu anhuma)- that is the time when it was in common usage. As the years and centuries went by no one uses that word to refer to the dwellings of Makkah. We dare anyone to go back to these sources and revitalise the usage of this word and what it means for Makkah and those who go to Makkah for Al Hajj and Umrah. Ok- we go a little further. From the time of Allah’s Prophet we go to the time of the Fuqaha’. What do they say?
Malik and Ash Shafi’ee said, (we’re quoting here because this is a sensitive issue and some people will say “the speaker is getting carried away”), the dwellings of Makkah are a possession of its folks and they have the right to refuse accommodating others besides them. They have the right to lease or rent their dwellings to other people; but in times of necessity, (out of courtesy), they may accommodate the incomers to Makkah. Brothers and sisters- we usually as a-rule-of-thumb don’t usually go into these nitty-gritty issues. We try to avoid this. The reason why we now have entered into these details is because (this is who) the people over there who rule this piece of land are going to listen to. We have to bring this to their attention maybe- maybe- someone out there may listen, understand and then do something. So what did Abu Hanifa say? The fiqhi school of thought of Abi Hanifa claims, (no one knows for sure), but it may be at least four-hundred-million to five-hundred-million Muslims. These followers of Abi Hanifa are told “this is how you perform wudhu and this is how you fast” OK. What is Abu Hanifa’s opinion about Makkah? Have you ever heard it from anyone? Probably in 99.99% of the cases you haven’t! Why? Now you’ll know why! Abu Hanifa says the dwellings of Makkah cannot be possessed. No one can come and say this is mine in Makkah. He went a step further and he says the people of Makkah cannot even rent their dwellings. How can you rent something that doesn’t belong to you?
There’s a hadith by Allah’s Prophet which maybe some of you will be hearing for the first time. This goes to show you how much Makkah has been locked up/out of your mind/attention. The Prophet said hoarding foodstuff in Makkah is a deviation away from the truth from Allah and His Prophet.
OK- what were the circumstances of the disclosure of this ayah, (that we are speaking about), during the time the Qur’an was being revealed to humanity? You can go and look this up. (It is) something the speakers and preachers don’t want you to hear and their pay masters don’t want you to understand. Listen- you people who are ruling in Arabia- ibn Abbas said this ayah was revealed pertaining to Abu Sufyan and his companions… From the history that we should be reading, we should know that as a consequence of the Hudaybiyah Agreement between the Muslims of Al Madinah and the Mushriks of Makkah, one of the stipulations of the Hudaybiyah Agreement was that the Muslims shall have no access to Makkah, Al Masjid Al Haram and Al Ka’bah. There is an incident that pertains to Abu Jahl and that incident was with Saad ibn Mu’aadh (radi Allahu anhu). Remember, before Allah’s revelation and the Prophet Makkah was open to everyone. It was un-heard of to say to someone “you can’t come to the Haram.” Criminals used to go to the Haram for safety and security! No one would tell him “you can’t come here.” But when Allah revealed His Book and selected His Prophet, the hostility and hate was so much that these Mushriks of Makkah began to violate their own traditions and rules. So Saad ibn Mu’aadh went to the Ka’bah. We don’t know if you know or not, (if you don’t we’re going to refresh your memory), the hostility between the Mushriks of Makkah and Muslims of Al Madinah was such that the Mushriks of Makkah throwing to the wind their own customs and history said to the Muslims in Al Madinah we will not permit you to come to the Haram. (Take a) look at today’s world- when there are Muslims who want to do the will of Allah, we have Nation-states and legal systems that are also thrown to the wind. No one any longer honours their own laws when it comes to Muslims. They break laws to try to frame Muslims. (It’s) nothing new! If you were reading what was happening in the time of Allah’s Prophet you’d realise- wait a minute we’re going through the same motions that they were going through that time. So Saad ibn Mu’aadh came to try to go around the Ka’bah. This was early before the hostility reached its peak in the year of Al Hudaybiyah; Abu Jahl comes to tell him what are you doing here? We’re paraphrasing here but we’re giving you the meaning or the gist of the few words between them. Saad said I’m performing my Tawaaf. It should be normal. Everyone is allowed to come to the Haram. Abu Jahl says to Saad how dare you feel that you are secure here? Meaning this is a land of war against you and you’re coming here? You shouldn’t be here. Get the hell out of here! That’s today’s paraphrasing between these two individuals. What do we have today? Do we have an open, an accessible, an accommodating and free Makkah? Do we have the Makkah of the Muslims today or do we have the Makkah of the Mushriks today? In light of this ayah and many other ayaat and the hadiths of Allah’s Prophet and what the first generation of Muslims understood- take a look at Makkah today- what do we have? A Makkah of Muslims or a Makkah of Mushriks? We are not asking for the impossible. Just understand what Allah and His Prophet are saying. To those who are also in the Arabian Peninsula who listen very closely to As Salaf As Salih- Abdullah ibn Amr said, (and we quote), it is not halal to sell or lease or rent the dwellings of Makkah. He also said, (and we quote for you mis-rulers in Arabia), whoever consumes out of renting the buildings of Makkah anything he is consuming fire in his belly. Look (and) think according to what they are saying- is it possible to rent out places in Makkah? Today’s Makkah is a commercialised Makkah! The Islamic obligations have been commercialised in contradiction and in contravention to what you have just heard from Allah, His Prophet and As Salaf As Salih.
These people who are ruling there in Arabia make a big issue about Imam Ahmad- one of the many Fuqaha’. What did he say about the dwellings and buildings in Makkah? This is their reference and person they go back to. He, (sort of), took a mid-point position, said you can own and inherit but you can’t rent. So why do they have the hotels in Makkah if there is no renting allowed in Makkah? What are the hotels doing there? Haven’t they read these ahadith or are they being selective about them? “Yeah-yeah we’ll read some hadith and we’ll go public with them; these other things like these- no-no-no! Don’t tell anyone about these. Don’t bring it to anyone’s attention. Don’t explain these to people.”
Brothers and sisters, committed Muslims…
If we put together this information that comes to us from Allah and His Prophet about Makkah in which Allah and His Prophet make it very clear for us the meaning of Makkah. If you take a look today… Last Tuesday, (this is Friday. Between Tuesday and Friday what do you have? Two/three days), these rulers in Arabia said, (and we don’t know), the ignorance of the Muslims is so widespread that they can come out with telling us the following: “They have arrested around twenty-nine-thousand Muslims who were trying to enter Makkah.” Makkah the open and accessible city per Allah and His Prophet! Who are they to arrest twenty-nine-thousand Muslims who are trying to go to Makkah? They call them “il-legals. They are trying to go to Makkah illegally.” So how do you go to Makkah illegally? You who are ruling in Arabia who have brought in all of these forces - tell us?! They’ve brought in scores of thousands of law enforcements to the area of Makkah and its adjacent lands. This force should be in the area that is occupied by Israel- the Zionist entity that belongs to “Saudi Arabia.” You see- no one says this?! In the public/mainstream presentations of information they say “Israel occupies Syrian, Lebanese and Palestinian territory. No one…” You tell us if we are wrong- we stand to be corrected. Who told you that Israel occupies “Saudi Arabian” territory?! Why don’t they put these forces- that they throw all around Makkah when Muslims want to obey Allah- where they belong? Liberate your “own” occupied territories! In Makkah- this city of Allah and His Prophet- they have the most sophisticated, state-of-the-art and cutting edge technology camera systems- thirty of them in/around Makkah. What are they afraid of Muslims coming to Makkah? What are they going to do? For what do they have this elaborate systems hung in this city? Are Muslims going there criminals? But this is the facts- brothers and sisters, committed Muslims. This is what we have and our ignorance is so deep and extended that they get away with these types of things. We don’t know when Muslims are going to open their hearts/minds to what Allah and His Prophet are telling them so that we can sweep away these intruders from Makkah and Al Madinah and the Holy precincts altogether- from Makkah all the way to Al Quds.